Total Knee Replacement
Knee pain and stiffness often result from osteoarthritis (the breakdown of cartilage in your joints) from injury or wear and tear. Other knee problems include rheumatoid arthritis (an inflammatory joint disease) or poor alignment of your leg bones.
Total knee replacement means resurfacing the bones of your knee joint with a prosthesis (artificial knee joint). Like a normal knee your prosthesis has smooth, weight bearing surfaces. The femoral component covers your thigh bone, the tibial component covers the top of your shin bone, and the patellar component covers the underside of your kneecap.
After your evaluation, you and your surgeon can discuss whether total knee replacement is the best treatment for you at the time. Your surgeon may instead recommend medications, injection therapy, physical therapy, or a different surgical procedure.
Total Hip Replacement:
Hip pain and stiffness often result from osteoarthritis (the breakdown of cartilage in your joints) which makes your hip bones grate painfully together. Other hip problems include rheumatoid arthritis, injury, and loss of blood supply to the bones in your hip.
Your hip prosthesis (cemented or cementless) has the same basic parts as your own hip. A ball, often metal, replaces the worn head of your thigh bone, with a stem inserted into the bone for stability. A cup, often plastic, replaces your worn socket.
Technical advances have given us new materials to replace your problem hip with a prosthesis (artificial hip joint). Your surgeon chooses the best prosthetic design for you after carefully diagnosing your particular hip problem.
Physical therapy aides in the restoration of physical functions, helps relieve pain and works toward a prevention of disability following disease, injury or loss of body part. Your therapist may use one or a combination of modalities, including exercise, heat, cold, massage, ultrasound, and other treatments to achieve these goals.
Occupational therapy helps restore your ability to function physically within your environment, as well as to cope with the stress and strains of everyday life.
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